Is there a link between autism and other disorders?

Each autistic child is unique and has different medical and developmental concerns. The level of support needed varies too. Some children need round- the- clock help, others need learning support in school. Not every child needs to attend a special school. And some children thrive when they are home schooled by their parents or carers.

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A diagnose for autism involves regular visits and assessments by a  paediatrician, children’s psychologist, educational psychologist, speech and language therapist, occupational therapist, physiotherapist and play room assessments.

In 2008 a person with a rare chromosome disorder called 15q13.3, was described and the findings were published. Worldwide there have been over 50 cases reported in the medical literature.

The deletion occurs equally often in males and females. (Sharp 2008)

One person in every 40,000 in the general population has a 15q13.3 microdeletion.

(Sharp 2008; van Bon 2009)

Children and adults with this chromosome disorder have:

  • No general birth defects.
  • Children are likely to need learning support.
  • Some children have seizures or abnormal results EEG.
  • Have a diagnose for Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
  • Some children behave aggressively.

A blood test is done in a cytogenetic laboratory which can be requested by the child’s paediatrician. The blood of both parents is studied too, to identify if the copy number change observed on chromosome 15 is de-novo in origin.

No dietary, lifestyle or environmental factors are known to cause 15q13.3.

15q13.3 microdeletion disorder and autism are linked in some cases and the more children are getting tested, the more data can be studied.

P.S.: Check out my short video about autism and fears;

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nw_Z5NaVG5c

You can find more information at:

http://www.rarechromo.co.uk/html/home.asp

http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/15q133-microdeletion

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