How do children develop?
One of the most influential theory’s was formed by the Swiss development psychologist and philosopher Jean Piaget born on 9th August 1896 – his epistemological studies with children.
Piaget was the Director of the International Bureau of education and said in 1934 “Only education is capable of saving our societies from possible collapse, whether violent, or gradual.” In 1955 Piaget founded the International Center for Genetic Epistemology in Geneva. He directed it until he died on 16th September 1980. For his work he has been awarded numerous prizes and honorary degrees.
Genetic epistemology the combination of the theory of cognitive development and epistemological development was Piaget’s live long focus as well as the education of children as he was a father to two daughters and a son.
Piaget described four development stages:
From 2 to 7 years he called the stage Preoperatioanl stage. Children practice their motor skills. They act egocentric, but as they grow older they are less egocentric. Children don’t think logically at this stage.
Formal operational stage starts from 11 to 16 and onwards.
Children develop abstract thought and can easily conserve and think logically in their mind.
Jean Paget’s theory about development still influences fields like psychology, sociology, education, epistemology, economics and law worldwide.
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P.S.: A kind Thank You to Morguefile.com for the images !