I have shared this with the PHEA (Professional Home Educator Academy) email subscribers a few months ago and hope you will find it useful as well. Despite having mixed views of how to structure and organise homeschooling, many home educators do feel that it is beneficial for all (kids, mums and dads) to have some kind of structured approach and contingency plan in place.
The idea behind a lesson plan is that someone else, for example your partner or a grandparent could pick it up and successfully teach your child or children without further instructions. It will also allow you to feel well prepared for each lesson and reduce the chance of getting distracted by just wondering within the lesson what to do next.
Start by considering the National Curriculum or subjects you have chosen for your child and the learning objectives / goals you have for the lesson.
What do you want your child to have learned from the lesson? Do you plan a learning sequence? Do you want to the lesson to lead up to a special event?
When writing a lesson plan;
- include what part of the textbook you are going to cover in the lesson,
- the target structure,
- new vocabulary,
- directions for all the activities you intend to use,
- the approximate time each section of your lesson will take,
- if there is an activity where you plan to ask your child or children questions, write down the questions you plan to ask,
- if there is a group activity in the lesson, write down about how you are going to set up the group structure.
Structure of a Lesson Plan
The structure of a lesson could be as follows;
- Warm up activity (about 5 minutes)
to get your child thinking about the upcoming new material or a recap as a follow on from the last lesson
- Introduction (about 10 minutes)
to try to get your child involved and use choral repetition to keep your child talking about half the time
- Production (remaining class time)
In the production activity your child should have to produce material on his/her own. Rather than reading sentences, perhaps your child has to answer questions or make his/her own sentences. Longer activities such as board games, which can be played in groups, or activities for the whole family, where children work in teams, would be best.
It is a good idea to plan another five minute activity that can be done at the end of class as a review or used as the warm up in the following lesson. If the production activity does not take up the remaining portion of the class period, you have a backup plan.
If you are thinking of home schooling, but haven’t started yet, I encourage you to check out the PHEA Video Training here.
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All the Best,